Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office
The State Department of Health Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response (HEER) Office's mission is to protect human health and the environment. The HEER Office reports directly to the Environmental Health Administration Deputy Director. The HEER Office provides leadership, support, and partnership in preventing, planning for, responding to, and enforcing environmental laws relating to releases or threats of releases of hazardous substances.
What's NewDecember 2018 - Hawaii State Emergency Response Commission Meeting #113
Meeting #113 of the Hawaii State Emergency Response Commission will be held on December 7, 2018 from 9:00 am to 12:00 pm at 2385 Waimano Home Road #100, Pearl City, Hawaii 96782.
The United States (U.S.) Department of the Navy (DON or the Navy) has prepared this record of decision (ROD) for the Pearl Harbor Sediment site, located at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam (JBPHH), Oahu, Hawaii. The site is part of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex (PHNC) National Priorities List (NPL) site. The NPL identifies priorities among known releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants throughout the United States and its territories. The site is identified on the NPL as U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System Number No. HI4170090076. This ROD presents the selected remedy for the Pearl Harbor Sediment site, located at JBPHH, Oahu, Hawaii.
The HEER Office has been developing new technical guidance for the evaluation of chemical exposure hazards to coastal marine wildlife over the last several years and has now posted initial guidance on this topic in the on-line HEER Office Technical Guidance Manual (TGM). See Section 21 in the link to the HEER TGM below. The new guidance provides information on conducting an initial Screening Level Ecological Risk Assessment (SLERA) to determine if significant chemical exposure hazards may exist to coastal marine wildlife, and if so, provides further guidance on conducting a Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment to fully evaluate these risks. In the near future the HEER Office also has plans to post a new Ecological Risk Assessment webpage on the main HEER Office website to provide additional information and resources to complement this new TGM guidance.
There will be a Restoration Advisory Board (RAB) Meeting for the Former Waikoloa Maneuver Area on Wednesday, November 7, 2018 from 6 – 8 p.m. at the Kings’ Shops Conference Room B-15 250 Waikoloa Beach Drive Waikoloa Village, HI 96738.October 2018 – First Draft of the Areawide Environmental Hazard Evaluation/Environmental Hazard Management Plan (EHE/EHMP) for the Kahului Harbor Industrial District is available for review and comment through November 30, 2018
An Areawide EHE/EHMP for the Kahului Harbor Industrial District (Interim Final, dated June 2018, Version 1) is linked below for review and comment. Comments are requested by November 30, 2018 and should be sent to Iris van der Zander via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org . Comments received will be considered for revisions or improvements to Version 1 of the document. This Areawide EHE/EHMP provides guidance for handling potential soil or groundwater contaminants during surface and subsurface excavation work on utility construction or repair projects in areas such as roadways, rights-of-way, or other areas in the Kahului Harbor Industrial District that do not have site-specific EHE/EHMPs.
A new Draft HEER Office Technical Guidance Manual (TGM) Section on LNAPL/Petroleum Guidance is linked below for review and comment by environmental consultants and other interested individuals. Comments are requested by August 31, 2018. See the Invitation to Comment letter also linked below for details on the ways you may comment and where to send comments. Comments will be used to help finalize this new HEER Office Technical Guidance Manual Section for posting to our on-line TGM.
For correct mail delivery to the HEER Office, use the following formal USPS mailing address that includes the #100:
State of Hawaii
Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office
2385 Waimano Home Rd #100
Pearl City, Hawaii 96782
There will be a Restoration Advisory Board (RAB) Meeting for the Former Waikoloa Maneuver Area on Wednesday, April 25, 2018 from 6 – 8 p.m. at the Waikoloa Village Association Community Room 68-1792 Melia Street Waikoloa Village, HI 96738.March 23, 2018 – Final Cleanup Action Plan Approved for a Portion of the Former Canec Plant Site in Hilo, Hawaiʻi
The Hawaiʻi Department of Health (HDOH), Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office has approved a final cleanup action plan for a portion of the former Canec Plant Site near Waiākea Pond in Hilo, Hawaiʻi, TMK (3) 2-2-30:17. The soils in parts of this site are known to be contaminated with arsenic that was used at the former canec plant to treat the canec panels against termite damage. A copy of the Final Removal Action Report describing the site, site contamination, and the final cleanup action plan selected is provided in the link below. Please see Section 7 of the Final Removal Action Report for a description of the public review process utilized for the site, the final clean up action selected, and modifications to the proposed cleanup action required by the HEER Office in response to public comments. Section 7 also includes responses to all individual comments received in the public review process. A pre-construction Environmental Hazard Management Plan (EHMP) will also be required for HEER Office review and approval before this cleanup action is implemented. HEER Office contact for questions is John Peard, in Hilo, email@example.com
The Department of Health HEER Office is inviting public review and comment on the proposed Draft Response Action Memorandum (Draft RAM) to address soil and groundwater contamination that has been identified on an approximately 25-acre portion of the former Waialua Sugar Mill in Waialua on Oʻahu, TMK (1) 6-7-001:62 (portion). The environmental investigation at this site was carried out under the HEER Office Voluntary Response Program. Soils in specific areas of the site are contaminated with pesticides, metals, or petroleum hydrocarbons that were used by the former mill operations. Groundwater in several areas of the site also showed petroleum or related chemical impacts. A Public Notice, a Fact Sheet, and the more detailed Draft Response Action Memorandum are posted below for review. Comments on the Draft Response Action Memorandum will be accepted through April 6, 2018. A public meeting to discuss the proposed response action will also be held at the Waialua Elementary School cafeteria the evening of March 15, 2018 (see details in Public Notice or Fact Sheet links). After the public comment period ends April 6, 2018, the HEER Office will consider all comments received and make a final determination on the response action approved to address soil and groundwater contamination issues identified on this site.
Results of the Hawaii Department of Health Mercury and Arsenic Biomonitoring Study are available. Please follow the links below.
A new Draft HEER Office Technical Guidance Manual (TGM) Section on Environmental Risk Assessment Guidance for Marine Coastal Environments is linked below for review and comment by environmental consultants and other interested individuals. Comments are requested by March 30, 2018. See the Invitation to Comment letter also linked below for details on the ways you may comment and where to send comments. Comments will be used to help finalize this new HEER Office Technical Guidance Manual Section for posting to our on-line TGM.
The Department of Health HEER Office is inviting public review and comment on the proposed soil arsenic cleanup at a 6.2-acre portion of the former canec plant site near Waiakea Pond in Hilo, Hawaiʻi. The soils in parts of this site are known to be contaminated with arsenic that was used at the former canec plant to treat canec panels against termite damage. The Public Notice, a site Fact Sheet, and the more detailed Draft Removal Action Report are posted below for review. Comments on the Draft Removal Action Report/proposed cleanup action will be accepted through January 5, 2018. A public meeting to discuss the proposed cleanup action at the site will also be held at the Department of Health, Environmental Health Building in Hilo the evening of December 14th, 2017 (see details in Public Notice or Fact Sheet). After the public comment period, the HEER Office will carefully consider all comments received and make a final determination on the cleanup action to address soil arsenic contamination at this site.
Act 162 Relating to Tier II Filing Fees for Reporting of Hazardous Substances was signed into law on July 11, 2017. This Act increased the Hawaii Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (HEPCRA) Tier II filing fee from $100 to $200 annually.
Act 162 with Governor's letter
Sampling Results: Since beginning sampling on 10/16/2017, no petroleum has been detected at Kaimana Beach nor in the surface water intake of the Waikiki Aquarium.
The grounded fishing boat Pacific Paradise was successfully removed from the reef, towed and disposed of 13 nautical miles south of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 2017
The 2011 HEER office document "Guidance for Soil Stockpile Characterization and Evaluation of Imported and Exported Fill Material" was updated in October 2017. Updates primarily pertain to regulation of soil as a "waste" under RCRA. A copy of the updated guidance can be downloaded from the HEER Technical Guidance web pageOctober 18, 2017 - Restoration Advisory Board Meeting
A Restoration Advisory Board (RAB) Meeting for the public regarding the former Waikoloa Maneuver Area, South Kohala, Island of Hawaii will be held Wednesday October 18, 2017 from 6 to 8 p.m. at Kuhio Hale, Department of Hawaiian Homelands, West Hawaii District Office, 64-756 Mamalahoa Highway, Waimea, Hawaii 96743.TGM Updates - Large Volume Purge Vapor Sampling
Updates to Section 7 of the HEER Office Technical Guidance Manual for soil vapor sample collection have been posted for public review. The updates primarily address the incorporation of "Large Volume Purge" sampling methods for testing of subslab vapors and evaluation of vapor intrusion risk. Significant updates are highlighted in yellow in the text. The draft update and a PowerPoint presentation on "LVP" methods are posted to the HEER Technical Guidance web page. Comments and edits are requested by October 31st, 2017.August 1, 2017 - HEER Office Relocation
As of the first of August, the HEER Office has relocated to:
2385 Waimano Home Road
Pearl City, Hawaii 96782
The building name is Uluakupu and it is the first one on the right after the DOH gate.
Phone numbers and email are the same.June 26-29, 2017, DU-MIS Webinars
June 26-29, 2017. John Peard and Roger Brewer presented a four-part webinar on HEER Office guidance for Decision Unit and Multi Increment Sample site investigation methods. The webinars were joined by and estimated 200-300 consultants and regulators from the mainland US, Canada and China. The webinars were recorded and posted to the HEER Office YouTube channel. PowerPoint copies of the presentations available for download and links to the YouTube recordings are posted to the HEER Office Webinar web page.May 2017 - FDA Warning
Alert: FDA warns Americans about risk of inaccurate results from certain lead tests. CDC recommends retesting for certain children, pregnant women, and nursing mothers.April 28, 2017 - Lead Impacted Soil Response Action - Kolekole Gulch Park, Hawaii County
The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH) HEER Office is overseeing a lead in soil assessment and response action at Kolekole Gulch Park on Hawaii Island by the Hawaii Department of Transportation (HDOT) Highways Division. The soils under the grass below the Kolekole Stream Bridge and within Kolekole Gulch Park have been impacted by lead. The County Department of Parks and Recreation closed public access to Kolekole Gulch Park on April 18, 2017 pending additional assessment and evaluation of the lead impacted soil. See the link below for more details.
The Hawaii Department of Health and Western States Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit along with partners Environmental Protection Agency Region 9, the University of Hawaii, School of Nursing and Dental Hygiene, and the John A. Burns School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics are sponsoring a free one day symposium focusing on children’s environmental health risks.
Who should attend?
The target audiences for this symposium include: healthcare professionals (i.e., physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners), public health practitioners, and health educators. The symposium will increase the capacity of healthcare practitioners to recognize’ and address environmental hazards that may affect children’s health.
The HEER Office has completed two new public fact sheets to provide landowners and other interested parties general information about 1) lead in soils that may be an issue or concern at some sites, and 2) the use of Environmental Hazard Management Plans (EHMPs) to address long-term management of any significant contamination that remains on sites. See links below to access these two new fact sheets.
We are pleased to announce our new UXO webpage, including the agenda and powerpoint presentations from our November 30,2016 UXO Forum.
At the forum, we released our Draft UXO Advisory and Areawide Environmental Hazard Management Plan for public comment. Please visit the site to download the draft document and get instructions on providing comments.December 2016 - Hawaii Department of Agriculture and Department of Health Announce Statewide Pesticide Initiatives to Address Kauai Community Concerns
Links to Documents
Links to related HEER Web Pages
Statewide Pesticide Initiatives
HDOH Pesticide Studies and Coordination with other Agencies
August 2016 Update
Statewide Pesticide Survey
December 2016 Update
Pesticide and Heavy Metal Poisoning Reporting
Place: Waikoloa Marriott Hotel
Date and Time: Wednesday, Nov. 30, 2016 from 9 am to 3:30 pm.
The Hawaii Department of Health HEER Office is overseeing a lead assessment and response action at the Hakalau Stream Bridge site on Hawaii Island by the Department of Transportation (DOT) Highways Division. The soils near the base of the bridge columns were found to contain high levels of lead, presumably from lead paint that was used on the bridge long ago (lead-based paint was removed from the bridge by DOT about 15 years ago). A soil assessment to determine the extent and magnitude of the soil lead contamination is underway. See the link below for more details.
Updates to have been posted to the HDOH Environmental Action Levels guidance and the companion “Pacific Basin” Environmental Screening Levels guidance (latter retitled “Tropical Pacific ESLs). The updates primarily reflect revisions to physiochemical constants used in the USEPA Regional Screening Levels guidance. Changes to action levels and screening levels were overall minimal. Expanded discussions were added to several topics. A summary of key 2016 updates is provided on the respective web pages. Links to download files might not work on older browsers. Try updating your browser or using another computer if you have problems.
Updates have been posted to the following sections of the HEER Office Technical Guidance Manual: Section 3 (Site Investigation Design and Implementation), Section 4 (Decision Unit Characterization), Section 5 (Field Collection of Soil and Sediment Samples). The updates reflect experienced gained by consultants and HDOH staff in DU-MIS investigations since publication of initial guidance in 2008. Section 8 (Field Screening Methods) is a new Section added to the TGM. Identification of Subsections within Sections 3, 4, and 5 with significant updates is provided in the link below. Workshops to discuss the updates are planned for the end of the year.
The Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office (HEER) of the Hawaii Department of Health is pleased to announce that it has awarded RFP-HEER-ER2016 to PENCO (Pacific Environmental Corporation).
The HEER Office would like to thank all of the firms that submitted proposals and looks forward to working with them in the future. The Notice of Award is also posted at the State Procurement Office.
In October 2014, community members from Kauai requested that ATSDR perform a Public Health Assessment on the west side of Kauai due to environmental health concerns associated with pesticide use by nearby agricultural operations.
On August 15, 2016, ATSDR responded to the requestors with a decision letter and provided a copy of the response to the HEER Office. The detailed enclosure states that, “To address the communities' concerns, ATSDR obtained and reviewed reports, environmental sampling results, and human health statistical information from various federal, state, and local agencies, and University of Hawai'i. In addition, ATSDR cross-referenced and reviewed the recently finalized report, "Pesticide Use by Large Agribusinesses on Kaua'i: Findings and Recommendations of the Joint Fact Finding Study Group" (a.k.a. JFF Study Group report), coordinated by the ACCORD3.0 Network. ATSDR did not locate any additional relevant information or data than those obtained and discussed in the JFF Study Group report”.
ATSDR Decision Letter Kauai GMO Test Fields Petition with Explanatory Attachment
Cover Letter – Decision Letter Kauai GMO Test Fields Petition
Explanatory Attachment Decision Letter Kauai GMO Test Fields Petition
To learn more about ATSDR, visit www.atsdr.cdc.gov and
Phase II Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) at the Kekaha Residential Lots, Unit 4 Subdivision, Kekaha, Kauai, Hawaii
The purpose of this Phase II ESA was to investigate recognized environmental conditions (RECs) identified in the Phase I ESA for the site (AECOM 2014) and evaluate the presence of potential contaminants in the surface soil, subsurface soil, and groundwater at the subject property.
The Phase II was discussed at the Homestead community information meeting at Kekaha Elementary on Wednesday September 7, 2016.
The Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office (HEER) of the Hawaii Department of Health is pleased to announce that it has awarded RFP-HEER-NES2016-1 to Tetra Tech, Inc. for all three scopes of work:
- SCOPE 1. HEER Office Program-Specific Knowledge and Experience
- SCOPE 2. Ability to Quickly Engage Technical Experts
- SCOPE 3. UXO Expertise
The HEER Office would like to thank all of the firms that submitted proposals and looks forward to working with them in the future. The Notice of Award is also posted on the State Procurement Office link below:
Roger Brewer with the HEER Office presented overviews of "Facts and Fallacies of Petroleum Vapor Intrusion" and "Discrete Soil Sample Reliability" at the Tenth International Battelle environmental remediation conference in Palm Springs, California, in May. Audio recordings of the presentations (YouTube) and slides (PowerPoint) can be accessed at the links below. The recordings and presentations include additional notes and ideas from discussions with environmental professionals subsequent to the conference, including a proposed HEER field study of subslab vapor plume heterogeneity and characterization planned for later this summer. Contact Roger Brewer for additional information (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Petroleum Vapor Intrusion (YouTube)
PVI Facts and Fallacies (PowerPoint)
Here's the registration link for the Ammonia Safety Day on Wednesday June 15, 2016:
Visit our revised Public Records page to learn how to expedite your Requests for Public Record. A new electronic file retrieval system is on-line to allow you to pick up large files remotely.May 2016 – Public Comment Period on Proposed Cleanup Action for the Hawaiʻi Public Housing Authority (HPHA) Lanakila Homes Public Housing Project, Phase IIIb, in Hilo, Hawaiʻi, May 17, 2016– June 16, 2016
and Emergency Response Office is inviting public review and comment on proposed cleanup actions at the Lanakila Homes public housing project, Phase IIIb, in Hilo on Hawai‘i Island (Approx. 1.5-acre portion of TMK (3) 5-4-028:007). The soils with 5 feet of seven cement foundation pads of former buildings on this site are known to be contaminated with lead, chlordane, and arsenic at levels that require action to reduce potential for future exposures. The public notice, a site Fact Sheet, and the Draft Removal Action Report are available for review and comment through June 16, 2016 (see links below). After the public comment period, the HEER Office will carefully consider all comments received and make a final determination on an action to address soil contamination at this site.
The Joint Fact Finding Study Group released a draft report entitled Pesticide Use by Large Agribusinesses on Kauai. Read DOH’s comments on the technical aspects of and recommendations made in the the draft report. For further information on DOH’s regulatory and research roles on non target impacts of pesticides in the environment see:
HDOH Pesticide Studies and Coordination with other Agencies
Statewide Pesticide Survey
Pesticide and Heavy Metal Poisoning Reporting Information
Please join the Navy, Department of Health HEER Office and US EPA at a public meeting at the Aiea Elementary School Cafeteria at 99-370 Moanalua Road, Aiea, Hawaii 7 p.m. on February 10, 2016 to discuss the Proposed Plan for the Pearl Harbor Sediment site, Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Oahu, Hawaii.
The site is part of the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex National Priorities List site. Under CERCLA, the Navy is responsible for the investigation and cleanup of contamination resulting from its past operations. The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH) and EPA Region 9 have reviewed the Navy's investigation results and concur with the conclusions and recommendations for the site.
The public is invited to review and comment on the Proposed Plan. The 30-day public comment period for the Proposed Plan is from February 1, 2016 - March 1, 2016. Verbal and written comments can be provided at the public meeting. Alternatively, written comments can be provided to the Navy no later than March 1, 2016. For more detailed information about providing comment, please see the formal Notice of Public Meeting.
After carefully considering all comments received during the public comment period, the Navy will select a final remedy for the Pearl Harbor Sediment site, in coordination with the EPA and HDOH. The selected final remedy for the Pearl Harbor Sediment site will be presented in a Record of Decision.
If you have questions or would like more information about the meeting, please contact Ms. Denise Emsley, NAVFAC Hawaii at (808) 471-7300 or by email, email@example.com.February, 2016 - New Draft Hawaii HEER TGM Section 8 - Field Screening Methods, for Review and Comments
A new Draft HEER Office Technical Guidance Manual (TGM) Section 8, on Field Screening Methods, is linked below for review and comment by environmental consultants and other interested individuals. Comments are welcome to help improve this guidance, and are requested by March 15, 2016. See the Invitation to Comment letter also linked below for details on the ways you may comment and where to send them. Comments will be used to help finalize this new Section for posting in our on-line TGM.
The HEER Office has completed Preliminary Updates to Technical Guidance Manual (TGM) Section 3 – Site Investigation Design and Implementation, Section 4 – Decision Unit and Multi Increment Sampling, and Section 5 – Soil and Sediment Sample Collection. These three TGM Sections provide proposed updated guidance important for all site investigations and/or remediation response actions involving soil or sediment contamination in Hawai'i. Review and comments on these preliminary updates is solicited through February 29, 2016. Comments will be used to help finalize these sections before they are posted to the HEER Office on-line TGM. See links below for the Invitation to Comment including how to comment and where to send comments, followed by a Note on Updates (to each Section) and the Preliminary Updates (to each Section) for review and comment:
Invitation to Comment on Preliminary Updates to Hawaii HEER TGM Sections 3, 4, and 5
Note on Preliminary Updates to TGM Section 3
TGM Section 3 - Site Investigation Design and Implementation - Preliminary Updates(3.5 MB)
Note on Preliminary Updates to TGM Section 4
TGM Section 4 - Decision Unit and Multi Increment Sampling - Preliminary Updates (4.1 MB)
Note on Preliminary Updates to TGM Section 5
TGM Section 5 -Soil and Sediment Sampling Collection - Preliminary Updates (3.6 MB)
In April 2014, the Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH), Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office approved a “Cleanup Action Plan” for the former Kohala Sugar pesticide mixing site located outside the town of Hawi in North Kohala. See the “Whats New” entry below for July, 2014 for a fact sheet and detailed report on that Cleanup Action Plan. Subsequently, a more detailed “Cleanup Work Plan” was developed for implementation, and a Compliance Agreement was signed by HDOH and the landowner, Hawaii Island Community Development Corporation (HICDC) to ensure the work would be carried out as planned. See the links below for these two documents. Finally, a second public meeting regarding the site will be held in Kapaau on the evening of December 10, 2015 for HICDC and HDOH to help inform the community regarding the Cleanup Work Plan and the anticipated cleanup work schedule. See the Public Notice link below for more details on this public information meeting.
Public Notice - Cleanup Work Plan and Public Meeting: Kohala Pesticide Mixing Site
Final Cleanup Work Plan - Kohala Pesticide Mixing Site (8.2 MB)
HDOH-HICDC Compliance Agreement - Kohala Pesticide Mixing Site (1.65 MB)
The HEER Office held two webinars this month on the use of discrete soil sample data in environmental investigations (refer to July, 2015 –Discrete Sample Variability Study Updates posting). An estimated 100 to 200 people joined in the webinars, including consultants and regulators from over other ten states as well as staff from several USEPA Regional offices.
The first webinar reviews the results of a field study of discrete soil sample variability carried out by the HEER office in 2013-2014 (see links in July posting). The second webinar describes how random variability both within discrete samples and between co-located samples limits reliability of the data for decision making and is the cause of failed confirmation samples, artificial “hot spots” and “cold spots” and overly drawn out environmental investigations. The webinar series concludes with an overview of Decision Unit and Multi Increment Sample investigation methods as a new set of tools specifically designed to address errors and inefficiencies in traditional, discrete sample investigation approaches.
PowerPoint slides and links to recordings of the presentations are posted to the HEER Office webinar page. Comments and suggestions for the webinars and the field study reports are welcome and can be sent to Roger Brewer at firstname.lastname@example.org. Updates to the study reports are anticipated in the spring of 2016.September 2015
The Hawaii Brownfields Forum #7 will be held Tuesday, Sept. 22, from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. at the Neal Blaisdell Center.July, 2015 –Discrete Sample Variability Study Updates
The HEER office carried out a field study of potential discrete soil sample error in 2013 and 2014. The study evaluated the variability of contaminant concentrations both within discrete soil samples and between closely located sample points. The goal of this study was to provide a better understanding of the magnitude and sources of error associated with the use of discrete soil samples for the investigation and cleanup of contaminated properties.
Part 1 of the study presents the results of detailed, discrete soil sampling at three sites in Hawai´i previously known to be contaminated with arsenic (Study Site A), lead (Study Site B) and PCBs (Study Site C). The report, initially posted in October 2014, was updated in June 2015 to include additional analytical data as well as additional, statistical evaluation of the data. The updated report, including Excel files of data summary tables, can be downloaded from the links below.
Part 1: Summary of Field Data (pdf, 8,263KB)
Part 1: Appendix 1: Lab Reports (27 MB)
Part 1: Data Summary Tables (Excel, 5,464KB)
Part 2 of the study evaluates the sources of random variability of contaminant concentrations in discrete soil samples and discusses implications for the use of discrete soil sample data in environmental investigations. Topics discussed include: 1) Concepts of contaminant distribution in soil during preparation of environmental guidance in the 1980s and 1990s, 2) Nature and importance of “hot spots” versus “hot areas,” 3) Factors behind the need for multiple, remobilizations for site characterization, 4) Causes of “failed” confirmation samples following site remediation, 5) Artificial “hot spots” and “cold spots” in computer-generated, isoconcentration maps, and 6) Use of discrete sample data in environmental risk assessments, including the appropriateness of excluding “outlier” data in estimates of mean, contaminant concentrations. The report for Part 2 of the study can be downloaded from the following links:
Part 2: Implications (pdf, 11,572KB)
Part 2: Summary Tables (Excel, 249KB)
It is hoped that the results of this study will contribute to the current, re-evaluation of the reliability of discrete soil samples in environmental investigations and the need to move toward more technically defensible and efficient, incremental sampling methods. The reports will be updated and amended as needed in the future. Comments and suggestions are welcome and should be provided to Roger Brewer at email@example.com.
The Iwilei District encompasses approximately 315 acres of land in Honolulu and includes land owned privately and by the State of Hawaii. The Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response (HEER) Office of the Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH) is overseeing remediation of potentially hazardous contaminants of concern that are present in soil, groundwater, and soil gas at various locations within the Iwilei District. Widespread, shallow petroleum contamination related to past releases from tank farms and pipelines is the primary concern, but metals and pesticides are also present in some areas.
To assist those who may become exposed to this contamination, the HEER office has developed a Programmatic Environmental Hazard Evaluation (EHE) /Environmental Hazard Management Plan (EHMP) document for the Iwilei District. This document details remedial measures and controls that are consistent with EHMPs implemented at other sites in Hawaii where contamination is present. No further investigation or remedial action is required at many of these sites, provided that long-term site management requirements in the EHMP are followed.
The document can be downloaded here: Programmatic Environmental Hazard Evaluation (EHE) /Environmental Hazard Management Plan (EHMP) document for the Iwilei District
A Webinar on the Programmatic EHE/EHMP was held on Wednesday, April 15, 2015. The full Long Term Management of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater webinar can be viewed on YouTube or the PowerPoint Presentation can be downloaded.Recorded Vapor Intrusion Webinars
The HEER office is sponsoring a series of webinars on topics related to environmental contamination and remediation.
March 11, 2015 - Use of Active and Passive Soil Gas Samples to Support Vapor Intrusion Investigations
February 18, 2015 - Dungeons, Dragons, Pica Houses and the Need for Alternative, Vapor Intrusion Screening Tools
Information and download links for the webinars are provided on the HEER Office webinar page.December 2014 - KGMB News Story on the ERRF
KGMB News video featuring Chris Lee explaining the function of the Environmental Response Revolving Fund (ERRF), describing the ERRF funding crisis, and discussing legislative action needed to avoid losing critical positions at DOH that protect our environment.October, 2014 - UXO FORUM POSTPONED
Due to inclement weather conditions from Hurricane ANA, the UXO Forum will be postponed to a later date. As your attendance is important to us, we will contact you when we re-schedule the event.
Thank you for your support in our effort of UXO awareness and education.
The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH), Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office has approved a final cleanup action plan for the former Kohala Sugar Company pesticide storage/mixing site located near Hawi on Hawai‘i Island (TMK 03-5-5-019: 025, portion). The soils on a portion of this site are known to be contaminated with arsenic and dioxins at levels that require action to reduce potential for future exposures. A 2-page fact sheet describing the site and the approved cleanup action plan, as well as the complete Final Removal Action Report describing the site, Draft Removal action plan, public comment process, and the final cleanup action plan in more detail (67 pages, Part 1 Appendix Lab reports, Part 2) are provided in the links below. Detailed work implementation specifics will also be required for HEER Office review and approval before this cleanup action is started.
Fact Sheet on Approved Cleanup Action Plan for the former Kohala Sugar Pesticide Storage/Mix
Final Removal Action Report- former Kohala Sugar Pesticide Storage/Mix (Part 1: Text, Figures, Tables) (1.1 MB)
Final Removal Action Report- former Kohala Sugar Pesticide Storage/Mix (Part 2: Appdx: Lab Reports) (9.2 MB)
The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH), Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office has approved a final cleanup action plan for the former Hakalau/Pepe‘ekeo pesticide storage/mixing site at Hakalau on Hawai‘i Island (TMKs 03-2-9-02:79&81). The soils on a portion of this site are known to be contaminated with arsenic at levels that require action to reduce potential for future exposures. A 2-page fact sheet describing the site and the approved cleanup action plan, as well as the complete Final Removal Action Report describing the site, Draft Removal action plan, public comment process, and the final cleanup action plan in more detail (76 pages) are provided in the links below. Detailed work implementation specifics will also be required for HEER Office review and approval before this cleanup action is started.
Vanadium is naturally occurring in Hawaii’s drinking water and not considered to be harmful at the levels present.
Vanadium in Drinking Water Fact Sheet
Given the increased community concerns on Kauai and elsewhere about pesticide drift, the HEER Office has created a web page with documents and links addressing various aspects of pesticide use in Hawaii. Follow this link to go directly to the findings of the 2013-14 State Wide Pesticide Sampling Pilot Project.December 2013 – Public Comment Period on Proposed Cleanup Actions for the Former Kohala Pesticide Mixing Site, December 5, 2013 – January 8, 2014
The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH), Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office is inviting public review and comment on proposed cleanup actions at the former Kohala pesticide mixing site near Hawi, North Kohala district, Hawai‘i Island (TMK 03-5-5-019:025, portion). The soils on a portion of this site are known to be contaminated with arsenic and dioxins at levels that require action to reduce potential for future exposures. A Draft Cleanup Grant application that the landowner, Hawai‘i Island Community Development Corporation (HICDC) is planning to submit to a competitive USEPA grant program to seek partial funding for a site cleanup is also available for public review and comment. The public notice, a site fact sheet, the Draft Removal Action Report, and the Draft HICDC Cleanup Grant application are available for review and comment until January 8, 2014 (see links below). After the public comment period, the HEER Office will carefully consider all comments received and make a final determination on actions to address contamination at this site.
Public Notice for former Kohala Pesticide Mixing Site
Fact Sheet on Proposed Cleanup at the former Kohala Pesticide Mixing Site
Draft Removal Action Report - former Kohala Pesticide Mixing Site (Part 1, text, figures, tables – 1.7 MB)
Draft Removal Action Report - former Kohala Pesticide Mixing Site (Part 2, original lab reports – 9 MB)
Draft HICDC Cleanup Grant application
The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH) Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response (HEER) office would like to thank those who attended out May 3, 2013 public meeting and responded with comments to our draft Iwilei Programmatic Environmental Hazard Evaluation and Environmental Hazard Management Plan (EHE/EHMP). The purpose of the EHE/EHMP is to provide guidance on the proper management of contaminated soil and groundwater encountered during installation and repairs of utilities in roadways, common areas and on properties that are not presently covered by a HDOH-approved EHE/EHMP. A Response to Comments solicited from the draft and a revised draft are available through the links below.
The Hawaii Department of Health (HDOH), Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office is inviting public review and comment on proposed cleanup actions at the former Hakalau/Pepe‘ekeo pesticide storage/mixing site at Hakalau on Hawai‘i Island (TMKs 03-2-9-02:79&81). The soils on a portion of this site are known to be contaminated with arsenic at levels that require action to reduce potential for future exposures. The public notice, a site fact sheet, and the Draft Removal Action Report are available for review and comment until June 20, 2013 (see links below). After the public comment period, the HEER Office will carefully consider all comments received and make a final determination on actions to address contamination at this site.
- Public Notice for former Hakalau Pesticide Storage/Mixing Site
- Fact Sheet on proposed cleanup at former Hakalau Pesticide Storage/Mixing Site
- Draft Removal Action Report for former Hakalau Pesticide Storage/Mixing Site
Draft Updates to Section 7 of our Technical Guidance Manual (TGM): Soil Vapor and Indoor Air Sampling Guidance are available on the TGM Website.August 2012 - Community Meeting and Upcoming Cleanup Action of Former Pesticide Mixing Area, Kilauea, Hawaii
Kilauea Removal Action Community Meeting Notice
EPA Cleanup of Kilauea PMA Fact Sheet July 2012
Kilauea Kekaha Landfill Disposal Fact Sheet
News Release: U.S. EPA, Hawaii Department of Health clean up soil in Kilauea neighborhood
The Hawaii State Department of Health is making available a report on the human health risks of 1,2,3-Trichloropropane (TCP), a contaminant found in some sources of drinking water in Hawai‘i. The purpose of the report is to review the available data on the potential human health effects of TCP as a drinking water contaminant and evaluate the adequacy of Hawaii’s MCL for TCP.June 2012 – Draft RAM Available for Hickam Communities Remedial Action Site
HDOH is soliciting public comment on its Draft Response Action Memorandum for the Hickam Communities Remedial Action site. Soils at the site contain elevated levels of organochlorine pesticides due to past application of termiticides. HDOH is proposing a remedy to address this hazard that combines engineering controls (soil caps and geotextile marker layers) with institutional controls. The official public comment period on the proposed remedy begins June 11, 2012, and ends July 11, 2012. A fact sheet is available.
The following supporting documents for the proposed remedy are also available:
(1) Removal Action Report (RAR) (28MB);
(2) Remedial Investigation Report (RI) (5MB), RI Report Appendices: A (1MB), B (12MB), C-1 (9MB), C-2 (7MB), C-3 (8MB), C-4 (7MB), C-5 (8MB), D (4MB), & F (1MB);
(3) Environmental Hazard Evaluation (EHE, RI Report Appendix E) (28MB);
(4) Remedial Alternatives Analysis (RAA) (3MB);
(5) Environmental Hazard Management Plan (EHMP) (29MB); and
(6) Land Use Controls Inventory Document (LUCID) (17MB).
The Hawaii State Department of Health is providing the following information in response to an AP story posted by the Star Advertiser on April 30 (Biologist: Hanalei river, bay should be tested):
The concentrations of Arsenic, barium, chromium and lead reported by Hanalei River Heritage Foundation are within anticipated, natural background levels for the volcanic soils and related sediments of the Hawaiian Islands. The metals are naturally occurring, are tightly bound within minerals in the soil and are not toxic to humans or wildlife. The terrestrial and aquatic flora and fauna of Kaua‘i have lived with these metals since the island was created millions of years ago. They are similar to levels of metals in soil that would be found anywhere on the islands as well as much of the world, and are not related to manmade pollution. This is well documented in numerous reports over the past several decades, and summarized in the recent draft report “Hawaiian Islands Soil Metal Background Evaluation Report” prepared for the Hazard Evaluation and Emergency Response Office of the Department of Health. Hanalei River Heritage Foundation incorrectly compared the sediment (mud) data to regulatory standards for drinking water. These are completely unrelated standards and are not applicable to metals in soil or sediment.
If you need more information or have any questions, please contact the Site Discovery, Assessment & Response Supervisor Fenix Grange at 586-4249.May 2012 - The Hawaiian Islands Soil Metal Background Evaluation Report Now Available
The Hawaiian Islands background metals study has been in progress for several years and incorporates soil sample data from several technical and scientific sources. This report presents an evaluation of naturally occurring background concentrations of metals and related elements in the volcanic soils of the seven main Hawaiian islands (Kaua‘i, O‘ahu, Moloka‘i, Lana‘i, Maui, Kaho‘olawe, and Hawai‘i Island). Soil sample data were evaluated using cumulative probability plots, spatial and soil type distribution univariate plots, detailed spatial analysis, elemental association, geochemical analysis and professional judgment to estimate Hawai‘i-specific background concentration ranges. For more information on the report see the Cover Memo. View the full Hawaiian Islands Soil Metal Background Evaluation Report. View the summary table comparing background concentration ranges to HDOH Environmental Action Levels (EAL). Go to the Background Metals in Hawai‘ian Islands Soils page.April 2012 - Kilauea, Kauai Pesticide Mixing Area Investigation Final Report Now Available
The HEER Office has completed extensive subsurface soil sampling of the former pesticide mixing and storage operation affecting three properties on Aalona Place in Kilauea on the island of Kauai. The final report is now available for public review. The report findings will be used by US EPA, DOH and the County of Kauai to determine appropriate actions needed to remediate the soils and restore safe use of the properties affected.
Download the Kilauea Site Inspection report to learn more:
- Short Version-Report Body Only 2.2 Mb
- Full Version-Body with Attachments, Appendices and Figures 25.3 Mb
- Kilauea Pestiside Mixing Area News Release
HDOH has completed their response to public comment and made the Final Kekaha Emergency Generator Installation Site Remedial Decision and Responsiveness Summary.
There are a number of attachments to the document, available on the ADC Kekaha Diesel Generator page as separate items for ease of downloading.
A new Fact Sheet and Sampling Guide for Organochlorine Termiticides at Residential Sites have been posted on the HEER Office Website, Technical Guidance and Fact Sheet page.
- Past Use of Chlordane, Dieldrin, and other Organochlorine Pesticides for Termite Control in Hawai‘i: Safe Management Practices around Treated Foundations or during Building Demolition
- A Guide to Soil Testing for Organochlorine (OC) Termiticides at Residential Sites in Hawai‘i
Read how Brownfields and contaminated sites affect development in Hawaii.June 2011 - Kilauea Pesticide Mixing Area Investigation
The HEER Office is continuing investigation of soil contamination from a former pesticide mixing and storage operation affecting two properties on Aalona Place in Kilauea on the island of Kauai. This summer we plan to collect more than 90 samples to further delineate the areas of contamination in preparation for a removal action. Download the following materials to learn more:
- Arsenic in Soils - Former Kilauea Mill Fact Sheet, March 2011
- Press Release - DOH Holds Community Meetings to Discuss Soil Contamination Found in Kilauea on Kauai
- Kilauea Community Meeting - Presentation, March 2011
Access agenda, presentations and other event information.